Google introduces PaliGemma, a state-of-the-art open vision-language model (VLM) designed to push the boundaries of multimodal AI. The PaliGemma models leverage the combined power of the SigLIP vision model and the Gemma language model. The models come pretrained and fine-tuned on diverse datasets, ensuring robust performance out of the box while also allowing for further customization and optimization.

In this tutorial, we will explore how to deploy and utilize PaliGemma-3B using Inferless.

Our Observations

We have deployed the model using the Transformers library on an A100 GPU(80GB). Here are our observations:

LibraryInference TimeCold Start Time
Transformers0.86 sec9.26 sec

Defining Dependencies

We are using the Transformers library, which will help in the inference of this VLM.

Constructing the GitHub/GitLab Template

Now quickly construct the GitHub/GitLab template, this process is mandatory and make sure you don’t add any file named

├── inferless-runtime.yaml
├── inferless.yaml

You can also add other files to this directory.

Create the class for inference

In the we will define the class and import all the required functions

  1. def initialize: In this function, you will initialize your model and define any variable that you want to use during inference.

  2. def infer: This function gets called for every request that you send. Here you can define all the steps that are required for the inference. You can also pass custom values for inference and pass it through inputs(dict) parameter.

  3. def finalize: This function cleans up all the allocated memory.

from transformers import AutoProcessor, PaliGemmaForConditionalGeneration
from PIL import Image
import requests
import torch

class InferlessPythonModel:
    def initialize(self):
        model_id = "google/paligemma-3b-mix-224"
        device = "cuda:0"
        dtype = torch.bfloat16
        self.model = PaliGemmaForConditionalGeneration.from_pretrained(model_id,
        self.processor = AutoProcessor.from_pretrained(model_id,

    def infer(self,inputs):
        prompt = inputs["prompt"]
        image_url = inputs["image_url"]
        image =, stream=True).raw)
        model_inputs = self.processor(text=prompt, images=image, return_tensors="pt").to("cuda")
        input_len = model_inputs["input_ids"].shape[-1]

        with torch.inference_mode():
            generation = self.model.generate(**model_inputs, max_new_tokens=100, do_sample=False)
            generation = generation[0][input_len:]
            decoded = self.processor.decode(generation, skip_special_tokens=True)

        return {'response': decoded}

    def finalize(self):

Create the Input Schema

We have to create a in your GitHub/Gitlab repository this will help us create the Input parameters. You can checkout our documentation on Input / Output Schema.

For this tutorial, we have defined a parameter prompt which is required during the API call. Now lets create the

    "prompt": {
        'datatype': 'STRING',
        'required': True,
        'shape': [1],
        'example': ["What is this?"]
    "image_url": {
        'datatype': 'STRING',
        'required': True,
        'shape': [1],
        'example': [""]

Creating the Custom Runtime

This is a mandatory step where we allow the users to upload their custom runtime through inferless-runtime.yaml.

    - "pillow==10.3.0"
    - "accelerate==0.30.1"
    - "transformers==4.41.0"
    - "torch==2.3.0"

Deploying the model on Inferless

Inferless supports multiple ways of importing your model. For this tutorial, we will use GitHub.

Import the Model through GitHub

Click on theRepo(Custom code) and then click on the Add provider to connect to your GitHub account. Once your account integration is completed, click on your Github account and continue.

Provide the Model details

Enter the name of the model and pass the GitHub repository URL.

Configure the machine

In this 4th step, the user has to configure the inference setup. On the Inferless platform, we support all the GPUs. For this tutorial, we recommend using A100 GPU. Select A100 from the drop-down menu in the GPU Type.

You also have the flexibility to select from different machine types. Opting for a dedicated machine type will grant you access to an entire GPU while choosing the shared option allocates 50% of the VRAM. In this tutorial, we will opt for the dedicated machine type.

Choose the Minimum and Maximum replicas that you would need for your model:

  • Min replica: The number of inference workers to keep on at all times.

  • Max replica: The maximum number of inference workers to allow at any point in time.

If you wish to enable Automatic rebuild for your model setup, toggle the switch. Note that setting up a web-hook is necessary for this feature. Click here for more details.

In the Advance configuration, we have the option to select the custom runtime. First, click on the Add runtime to upload the inferless-runtime.yaml file, give any name and save it. Choose the runtime from the drop-down menu and then click on continue.

Review and Deploy

In this final stage, carefully review all modifications. Once you’ve examined all changes, proceed to deploy the model by clicking the Submit button.

Voilà, your model is now deployed!

Method B: Deploying the model on Inferless CLI

Inferless allows you to deploy your model using Inferless-CLI. Follow the steps to deploy using Inferless CLI.

Initialization of the model

Create the and inferless-runtime.yaml, move the files to the working directory. Run the following command to initialize your model:

inferless init

Upload the custom runtime

Once you have created the inferless-runtime.yaml file, you can run the following command:

inferless runtime upload

Upon entering this command, you will be prompted to provide the configuration file name. Enter the name and ensure to update it in the inferless.yaml file. Now you are ready for the deployment.

Deploy the Model

Execute the following command to deploy your model. Once deployed, you can track the build logs on the Inferless platform:

inferless deploy